Prostate Cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in men. Usually prostate cancer grows slowly and is initially confined to the prostate gland, where it may not cause serious harm.
It is not yet known exactly what causes prostate cancer, but researchers are studying certain risk factors to determine if these factors contribute to prostate cancer cells developing into cancer.
Who is at risk for prostate cancer?
- Age – over the age of 50
- Family history – if men in your family have had prostate cancer, your risk may be increased
- Obesity – there may be a link between obesity and prostate cancer, and a balanced diet and regular exercise may lower your risk of developing prostate cancer
- Having a family history of breast and ovarian cancer may also be associated with an inherited risk of developing prostate cancer
Prostate cancer may cause no signs or symptoms in its early stages.
- Trouble urinating
- Decreased force in the stream of urine
- Blood in semen
- Discomfort in the pelvic area
- Bone pain
If a doctor suspects cancer, they may recommend further tests, prostate cancer screening consist of:
- Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test
- A PCA3 test
- MRI Scan/ CT Scan/ Bone scan to check if your cancer has spread
Your treatment plan will depend on the stage and grade of the cancer, the risk category, age and health etc.
- Surgery – Robotic Assisted Prostatectomy
- Radiation therapy
- Hormonal therapy
- Active surveillance
Maintain a healthy weight and lifestyle
Follow a healthy eating pattern, increase the amount of fruits and vegetables you can eat each day
Keep physically active
The above information is for reference only, please consult your doctor for detail.